Pizza chiena, also known as pizza rustica, is a traditional savory pie from the Campania region of Italy. It is typically made during Easter and is a staple dish for many families. The pie is made with a flaky pastry crust and filled with a mixture of meats, cheeses, and eggs. The filling can vary depending on the family recipe, but it usually includes cured meats such as prosciutto, salami, and ham, along with ricotta, mozzarella, and parmesan cheese.
Pizza chiena can be found in many towns and communes throughout Campania, including Naples, Caserta, and Salerno. It is often served as a main dish during Easter celebrations, but it can also be enjoyed as a snack or appetizer throughout the year. The dish has been recognized as a traditional Italian food product (PAT) by the European Union, which means that it must meet certain specifications in order to be labeled as such.
One recipe for pizza chiena includes making the pastry crust from scratch using flour, butter, and eggs. The filling is made by mixing together ricotta, mozzarella, parmesan, prosciutto, salami, and eggs. The filling is then poured into the pastry crust and baked until golden brown. Another recipe includes using store-bought pastry dough and filling it with a mixture of cooked sausage, ricotta, and mozzarella cheese.
– “Pizza Chiena (Pizza Rustica).” Italian Sons and Daughters of America, www.orderisda.org/culture/food/pizza-chiena-pizza-rustica/.
– “Pizza Chiena.” Academia Barilla, www.academiabarilla.it/en/italian-recipes/regione-campania/pizza-chiena.